Returns the shifted source and destination ranks, given a shift direction and amount


#include "mpi.h"
int MPI_Cart_shift ( comm, direction, displ, source, dest )
MPI_Comm  comm;
int       direction;
int       displ;
int      *source;
int      *dest;

Input Parameters

comm communicator with cartesian structure (handle)
direction coordinate dimension of shift (integer)
disp displacement (> 0: upwards shift, < 0: downwards shift) (integer)

Output Parameters

rank_source rank of source process (integer)
rank_dest rank of destination process (integer)


The direction argument is in the range [0,n-1] for an n-dimensional Cartesian mesh.

Notes for Fortran

All MPI routines in Fortran (except for MPI_WTIME and MPI_WTICK) have an additional argument ierr at the end of the argument list. ierr is an integer and has the same meaning as the return value of the routine in C. In Fortran, MPI routines are subroutines, and are invoked with the call statement.

All MPI objects (e.g., MPI_Datatype, MPI_Comm) are of type INTEGER in Fortran.


All MPI routines (except MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick) return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. Before the value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Errhandler_set; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarentee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

No error; MPI routine completed successfully.
Invalid topology. Either there is no topology associated with this communicator, or it is not the correct type (e.g., MPI_CART when expecting MPI_GRAPH).
Invalid communicator. A common error is to use a null communicator in a call (not even allowed in MPI_Comm_rank).
Invalid argument. Some argument is invalid and is not identified by a specific error class (e.g., MPI_ERR_RANK).